Greece for Kids
Athenians thought of themselves as the
best city-state in all of ancient Greece. They recognized that other
city-states had value and were Greek, but they were the best. Ask any
ancient Athenian and they would tell you that Athens had the best
literature, the best poetry, the best drama, the best schools - and
truly, they were a leading city-states.
Many other city-states compared
themselves to Athens. You'd hear people from other city-states say
things like, "Our schools are good as those in Athens."
Athens was the measuring stick. There was one exception - the
city-state of Sparta. No other city-state in ancient Greece was like
Sparta. Whereas Athens was famous for their arts and sciences, Sparta
was famous for their military strength.
The ancient Greeks believed that each
city-state had one or two gods keeping a special eye on that
city-state. The god in charge of Athens was Athena,
goddess of wisdom.
Education was very important in Athens.
From their mothers, girls learned how to cook and sew and run a home, and how to be
a good wife
Boys went to school. They memorized
poetry and learned to play a musical instrument, usually the lyre.
They studied public speaking and drama and reading and writing. Sons
of nobles went to high school - four more years of learning about the
sciences and the arts and politics and government.
in ancient Greece had their own form of government. Most city-states
were ruled by kings. Some were ruled by councils, a small group of
people. But in Athens, for about 100 years, Athens was ruled by direct
democracy! It was an experiment. It didn't
last long, but a form of democracy was invented in Athens, one more
gift we received from the ancient Greeks.
Poseidon, and Athens (myth)
of Athens for Kids
Court of Athens (Justice System)
Democracy in Athens
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